Happy International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction 2021

International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction

“When disaster strikes, it tears the curtain away from the festering problems that we have beneath them,”

13th october is observed as the world day for natural disaster reduction. This is an annual celebration. The motive of celebrating this day is to reduce the risks of natural disasters. This day focuses on building more disaster-resilient communities and nations.

This day for the first time observed in the year 1989. The United Nations General Assembly asked for a day to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction. This day promotes raising awareness about the importance of reining in the risks that they face.

NATURAL DISASTERS

Natural disasters are the natural activities or things that happen due to some natural or human reasons and destroy or damage everything. Natural disasters are very harmful to everyone. They can even result in the death of people.

THEMES OF INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR NATURAL DISASTER REDUCTION

YEARTHEME
2015Knowledge for Life.
2016Live to Tell: Raising Awareness, Reducing Mortality.
2017Home safe home.
2018Reducing Disaster Economic Losses.
2019Reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services.
2020Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and education facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030.

TYPES OF NATURAL DISASTERS

There are different types of natural disasters here we have mentioned some of them.

  1. Volcanic eruptions
  2.  Tornadoes
  3. Landslides
  4. Lightning
  5.  Hurricanes
  6. Tsunamis
  7.  Earthquakes
  8. Floods
  9. Drought

VOLCANIC ERUPTION:

The Immersion of  ashes, hot lava and poisonous gases are called volcanic eruptions. The convergence and divergence of tectonic plates under Earth is the main reason behind the volcanic eruption. Volcanic eruptions can destroy the nearby areas and aircrafts around the area and heat up the atmosphere.

TORNADOES:

The strong, violently rotating air storms initiate from clouds to the surface of earth are tornadoes. The tornadoes have a speed up to 300 miles per hour. The thunder storms, mixing up of cold, moist air with hot air are the reasons for the formation of tornadoes.

LANDSLIDES:

When rocks and soils fall down the slope, then the phenomenon is called landslides. Heavy rains, small earthquakes, volcano eruptions and the gravitational force are the cause of landslides. Mining,quarrying and construction is the main cause of landslides.

LIGHTNING:

The formation of electricity and flows through air like a flash is called lightning. When the clouds strike or a collision forms between mountains, trees, animals or humans then lightning occurs. The lightning has a temperature up to 54000 degree Fahrenheit. Lightning is six times hotter than the earth’s surface. The areas where instability of environment, variation of temperature or pressure occurs the lightning mainly occurs there. 

HURRICANES:

Hurricanes are the powerful storms in the tropical seas. They are also known as typhoons and cyclones. Mostly called a tropical cyclone. They spread across 600 miles and rotate inward and upward at 70 to 200 miles per hour speed. when the ocean’s temperature goes above 80 degree F and winds blow in the same direction to upward,then the hurricanes are formed.

TSUNAMIS:

The Earthquakes, volcanic eruption or other form of disturbance in oceans are responsible for the Tsunami. The tidal waves or Tsunami have heights of hundreds of meters and large wavelengths. In the oceans , a tsunami has a great speed. 

EARTHQUAKES:

Earthquakes are the most dangerous natural disasters for humans. Earth’s surface holds a number of plates called tectonic. When these plates stick to each other and other remaining parts keep moving.

FLOOD:

The overflow of water on the land is called flood. It could be due to heavy rainfall,overflowing of rivers or breakage of a dam. During flood people try to shift in the dry areas or safe places. Flood can cover the whole city or town by it’s water.

DROUGHT:

This is a natural disaster in which the shortage of water supply occurs which can be atmospheric water,groundwater or surface water. The extremely hot temperatures can make a drought worse by causing moisture to evaporate from the soil. 

PREVENTION FROM NATURAL DISASTER

There are many safety measures by which we can prevent ourselves from the harms of natural disasters. Here we have mentioned the ways that will help you.

  • Stay tuned and informed about the natural disasters.
  • Get to know about the safety kits.
  • Have a plan for evacuation.
  • You should avoid unnecessary risks.
  • You should stay at your home and find a safe place in your home.
  • You should avoid going to dangerous places during natural disasters.

NATURAL DISASTERS THAT DESTROYED MANY LIVES

There have been many natural disasters in history. Here we have mentioned some of them for you.

  1. Kashmir Floods disaster
  2.  Uttarakhand Flash Floods
  3. Bihar flood disaster
  4. The Indian Ocean Tsunami
  5. Amphan cyclone, odisha

KASHMIR FLOODS DISASTER:

In september 2014, a flood affected many lives. This was a very harmful flood. It affected the areas such as Rajouri, Srinagar, Bandipur etc. About 550+ people died in that flood. The cause or reason behind this flood was continuous torrential rainfall and swelling of Jhelum River. The Indian army helped a lot to the stranded residents of this region.

UTTARAKHAND FLASH FLOODS:

In june 2013, a flash flood changed the lives of the people of uttarakhand. The people of Uttarakhand received heavy rainfall, massive Landslides. It harmed around 5,700 plus lives. Four districts worst affected by this flood were Rudraprayag, Uttarkashi, Pithoragarh, and Chamoli. The cause of this flash flood was Heavy rainfall, massive Landslides.

BIHAR FLOOD DISASTER:

In 2007,a flood destroyed many lives in bihar. It affected some districts of Bihar that were Bhagalpur, East Champaran, Darbhanga, Patna, Muzaffarpur, Saharsa, Sitamarhi, and Supaul etc. Aboud 1,287 people and thousands of livestock lost their life. The reason behind this flood was five times more rainfall than the monthly average of 30 years. 

THE INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI:

This was the deadliest tsunami ever. In the year 2004, this tsunami affected the areas of Southern India and Andaman Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep island, Indonesia, Sri Lanka etc. around 2.30 lac lost their lives in this tsunami. This was the third largest tsunami in the world.

AMPHAN CYCLONE, ODISHA:

In may,2020 a super cyclone named Amphan,was  the worst natural disaster that hit West Bengal in possibly a century. Around 6.58 lakh lost their lives. The reason behind this cyclone is heavy rainfall. The Indian government and the people of India helped the people of Odisha to make everything like before.

“We cannot stop natural disasters but we can arm ourselves with knowledge: so many lives wouldn’t have to be lost if there was enough disaster preparedness.”

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Stay Safe Be Prepared.

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