Hindi Diwas Day 2021 – 14 September 2021
“Language gives shape to our way of thinking and determines what we can think.”
Hindi Diwas is celebrated on 14th of September every year. As we all know that Hindi is termed as the mother tongue of India. So, we all know the importance of Hindi language . Many poems , scripts, plays have been written in this language by great writers.
This day is celebrated to commemorate the adoption of Hindi written in Devanagari script as one of the two official languages of India.
This day is also celebrated in the form of the 50th Birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha .This is an annual celebration in india. This decision was taken by the Constitution of India Under Article 343 of the Indian Constitution.
Hindi diwas is celebrated in schools to make students aware about our national language and its importance. The schools organise events like poem,skit, and essay competition. Teachers encourage students to take part in the competition.
On hindi diwas, the president of india, distributes the rajbhasha awards to the people for their contribution towards the language,at the event in delhi.
Hindi language is written in the devanagari script. It originated from the Sanskrit language. Sanskrit language is known as the mother of hindi language.
DIALECTS OF HINDI LANGUAGE:
Like the other languages, Hindi language also has several dialects. Here we have mentioned the various dialects of hindi language:
- Braj bhasha
- Khari boli
Braj bhasha is one of the most important dialects of hindi language. This language is spoken in the northwest part of uttar pradesh, eastern part of rajasthan and southern part of haryana.
This dialect was most prominent before the nineteenth century. This is also known as dehati zuban. This dialect has a great contribution in the language as the literatures and novels of the bhakti were written in this dialect. The famous poets of hindi language used this dialect,like Surdas, Bhai Gurdas and Amir Khusro.
This is also a major dialect of hindi language.Hindi literature composed after the eighteenth century are written in the khari boli. This is spoken in delhi,surrounding areas of uttar pradesh and western region of uttarakhand. Khari boli has taken the place of the prominent dialect of hindi language.
This dialect is used in the state haryana and delhi. This language is very much similar to the dialect braj bhasha. The name of this dialect is given on the name of the state where it is spoken.
Bundeli dialect is spoken in the bundelkhand region of the state madhya pradesh and the southern part of the state uttar pradesh. Bundeli is similar to braj bhasha.
This dialect is named on the region awadh of the state uttar pradesh. This dialect has several names such as Abadhi, Abadi, Abohi, Ambodhi, Avadhi and Baiswari. It is also spoken in the states Bihar,Delhi and Madhya Pradesh. As well as it is spoken in the neighbouring country like Nepal.
Baghali dialect originated from the region Baghalkhand. It is spoken in six districts of Madhya pradesh,such as Rewa, Satna, Sidhi, Shahdol, Umaria and Anuppur.
This is spoken in uttar pradesh. This dialect has two of its two dialects, Tirhari and Transitional Kanauji. More than six million people are native speakers of this language.
This dialect is spoken in the state Chhattisgarh and its adjacent areas of states Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and Jharkhand. This dialect has approx 17.5 million speakers.
POETS OF HINDI LANGUAGE:
We have readed and listened to so many hindi poems. Here we have a list of the best poets of hindi languages,who had made so much efforts to make hindi poems:
- Kabir Das
- Ramdhari Singh Dinkar
- Suryakant Tripathi “NIRALA”
- Jaishankar Prasad
- Mahadevi Verma
- Sumitranandan Pant
- Harivanshrai Bacchan
“All know that the drop merges into the ocean, but few know that the ocean merges into the drop.” -Kabir.
Kabir was born in 1440. He was a spiritual poet,therefore he was known as Sant Kabir Das. he was the only indian saint who made hindu and muslims together by his poetry.
He gave a great contribution to the hindi language. Kabir was not that much literate so that he could write something, but he had a great knowledge and he was supposed to speak and some others have to write his dohas.
His philosophy of life was that life is an interplay of two spiritual doctrines,first the personal soul (JIVATMA) and second God (PARMATMA). He died in the year 1518.
RAMDHARI SINGH DINKAR:
“The centuries of cold ashes have risen, the clay has worn a crown of gold, two paths, hear the sound of the chariot of time, empty the throne that the public comes.” -Ramdhari Singh Dinkar.
He was born in 1908, in Bihar. He was given the name of National Poet (Rashtra Kavi), because of his patriotic creations. He was well known for Veer Rasa (Courage).‘Rahmi-rathi’, and ‘Parashuram Ki Pratiksha’ are his major poems. He died in 1947.
SURYA KANT TRIPATHI “NIRALA”:
“Man is examined by his humanity and his excellence.” -Nirala.
He was born in 1896,in Bengal. Some of his works include, ‘Saroj Shakti’, ‘Kukurmutta’, ‘Dhawani’, ‘Ram Ki Shakti Puja’, ‘Parimal’ and ‘Anamika’. He pioneered the Chayavad Movement,along with Mahadevi verma and Jaishankar Prasad. He died in 1961.
“When the value of a person is destroyed, you do not get it again.” -Jaishankar Prasad.
He was born in 1889,in Varanasi,Uttar pradesh. Human love is beautifully depicted in his poem ‘Kamayani’. He was influenced by the Vedas. He was a romantic poet but later became a patriotic poet. He died in 1937.
WRITERS OF HINDI LANGUAGE:
- Munshi Premchand
- Rabindranath Tagore
“If your mistake is rectified with your own hands, then it is better than someone else to correct it.” – Premchand.
He was known as the Upanyas Samrat (Emperor Among Novelists). He wrote dozens of novels,more than 250 short stories and innumerable essays. Godaan, Karmabhoomi, Shatranj Ke Khiladi and Gaban are his best works.
“Every child comes with the message that God is not yet discouraged by man.” -Rabindranath Tagore.
He made shantiniketan, an open school for students. His best novel Gitanjali is a collection of poems,which is still very popular. He was the one who composed the national anthem of India,’Jana Gana Mana’.
“You live a new life for every language you speak. If you know only one language, you live only once.”
Thank you for reading our article and visiting our site.
Happy Hindi Diwas.